- Julia B. Smith, Ed.D., Oakland University
- Judith M. Smith, Ph.D., University of Michigan
Oakland University's study involved 114 Kindergarten students; 41 (36%) did not have GrapeSEED while 73 (64%) did receive GrapeSEED training. Teachers were trained to deliver the program according to the established procedures. To evaluate the impact of the program on literacy, all students were assessed using the Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) and three assessments from the` Michigan Literacy Progress Profile (MLPP): Letter ID, Known Words, and Hearing and Recording Sounds in Words. Results of the DRA Text Level assessments were compared to the benchmarks established by researchers at the University of Arkansas.
Graph Courtesy: Julia B. Smith, Ed.D., Oakland University,
Judith M. Smith, Ph.D., University of Michigan
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